Mnre.gov.in – The Government of India created the Pradhan Mantri Kisan Suraksha Abhiyan Utthan Mahabhiyan (KUSUM) plan to boost farmer income and offer sources for irrigation and de-dieselization in the agriculture sector. In March 2022, the PM-KUSUM plan received administrative clearance, and rules were developed in July 2022.
The Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRI) has started a project to build solar pumps and other new power plants around the country. The system is broken down into three parts, each of which is detailed in detail in the next article.
PM Kusum Yojana’s Goals
A group of farmers, farmers, panchayats, and cooperatives can apply for solar pump installation under the Kusum plan. The overall cost of this programme is divided into three groups, each of which will get assistance from the government.
Farmers will get a 60% subsidy from the government, with the government contributing 30% of the cost in the form of a loan. Farmers will only be responsible for 10% of the project’s overall cost. Farmers may profit from the power provided by solar panels by selling it. The proceeds from the sale of power can be utilised to launch a new venture.
Part A of the PM-KUSUM system is divided into three components.
Workers will construct 10,000 MW decentralised renewable energy power plants on desolate terrain, which will be connected to the grid.
Farmers, cooperatives, farmer groups, panchayats, water user unions (WUAs), and farmer producer associations will put up these grids (FPOs)
Within a 5-kilometer radius of the substation, power projects will be put up.
Farmers would receive Rs.17.50 lakh under this plan to install solar agricultural pumps. will be supported
The pumps will be capable of delivering up to 7.5 horsepower and will be used to replace existing diesel agricultural pumps.
Although capacity can exceed 7.5 HP, only 7.5 HP will receive a subsidy.
This project aims to solarize 10 lakh grid-connected agricultural pumps, with individual farmers receiving subsidies to help them do so.
Solar electricity that is not used will be sold to Distribution Companies of India (DISCOMs) at a set price.
The solar energy produced will be used to meet the farmer’s irrigation demands.
Items to put in place
The installation of 1000 MW of capacity and 1 lakh pumps for Part A and Part C is the initial step.
Part A and Part C will be used for greater capacity and pumps when they have been successfully commissioned.
Capacity is allocated to various State Government Agencies based on need.
The tender for Parts A and C will be conducted by the implementing agency designated by the state governments for the relevant components.
For the 2019-2020 fiscal year, the following is a list of sanctions and part-by-part information from State Implementing Agencies.
Source: Ministry of New and Renewable Energy, Government of India’s official website
State Government Support / Central Financial Assistance (CFA):
The Procurement Based Incentive (PBI), which would be granted by MNRE to Distribution Companies of India (DISCOMs) for the first 5 years, will be paid at 40 paise per kWh or Rs 6.60 lakh per MW per year, whichever is less, for acquiring electricity from farmers or developers.
Sections B and C:
30 percent subsidy on benchmark cost or tender cost, whichever is lower State Government Subsidy 30 percent
Farmers are responsible for 40% of the balance.
For farmers in Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, the North Eastern states, Sikkim, Lakshadweep, and the Andaman and Nicobar Islands, the central finance support is 50%, the state government subsidy is 30%, and the farmer is responsible for the remaining 20%.
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